Moira F. Harris analyzes the known Fort Marion drawings attributed
to Wo-Haw, Kiowa warrior and artist (1855-1924), in relationship
to then contemporary events.. Her work shows how Kiowa Indian painting
developed from its traditional beginnings to the preset day.
This most unusual
colony of artists developed at Fort Marion, St. Augustine, Florida,
where more than seventy men from five hostile tribes of the Southern
Plains were imprisoned from 1875 to 1878. Their humanitarian jailer,
Captain Richard H. Pratt, believed they could be made into useful
productive citizens if given direction and the opportunity to develop
their native abilities. He provided them with paper, pencils, and
colors, and offered them the opportunity to produce art works for
sale to whites. More than a third of these "Florida boys"
participated and hundreds of their works are preserved in widely
scattered public and private collections.